User interface design or User interface engineering typically refers to creating user interfaces for software and machines including home appliances and accessories, computers, mobile phones and other such electronic devices with the objective of maximizing functionality and enhancing user experience. It is a vital topic in web design.
In short, User Interface is the graphical layout of an application as it comprises texts that users can read, buttons to be clicked and images, text entry fields, and slides that users can interact with. Everything from interface animations, screen layout, transitions, and micro-interactions are accommodated within this concept.
UI designers are principally graphic designers; it is up to them to find out how they can make an application look good and pleasing to the aesthetics. Additionally, it is the designer’s duty to make the interface user-friendly, attractive and apply a theme that complements the rationale of the app and things that it is aiming at achieving. All being said, the elements used in designing should be related to each other so that the entire thing looks united and significant when treated from distinct perspectives.
The basics of designing an interface
- The layout must be simple
Firstly, and most importantly, the layout of the interface should be incredibly simple yet, attractive in its own way. Even though incorporating complex designs and arrangements can look like they bear a lot of gravity but, it is simplicity that strikes the right chords with the user. Therefore, keep away from using elements that are unnecessary or have blurry functionalities and instead resort to constituents that are clear in terms of language and the message that is being put across.
- Prioritize consistency
According to statistics, applications that make use of common elements stand out as more interesting for the users as they feel more comfortable with them and use their familiarity to get things done faster. This is more or less why there should be a certain pattern in the language, design, and layout throughout the site to make way for increased effectuality. There shouldn’t be a string of mysteries waiting to be unlocked at every corner of the application; as an alternative, if the user becomes acquainted with something at the beginning itself, he should be able to capitalize on the skill in the rest of the site.
- The texture and color of the application should speak for themselves
Directing and redirecting the attention of the user on and from a particular bit of the application can be controlled by the use of different colors, texture, brightness, contrast and other such specifications. For instance, if the application is informing its audience about a limited period offer, its presentation should be such that it subtly persuades them to open the tab and explore the recourses proposes rather than surfacing as an “on-the-face” advertisement and compelling the user to exit the site.
- The system should transparently communicate what is happening
Keep in mind that your UI should always communicate the current location, change in state or errors if any to the user at each step to keep them informed and cut down on the frustration of evolving from innumerable ambiguities regarding the usage of the application.